Visit The Historical Park Maria de la Cruz in Loiza
Loiza is a town just east of San Juan, on the northern coast of Puerto Rico, and it is one of the earliest-settled areas on the island. Evidence of pre-Columbian cultures was discovered in Maria de la Cruz cave (Cueva Maria de la Cruz), a cave close to the center of Loiza. Following the completion of the archaeological studies of the cave, the cave and surrounding land were turned into a community area for everyone to enjoy. It has become an Historical Park, where you learn a little about the area’s cultural history. It’s not a big park, but it is worth a quick stop if you happen to be in the area (say, on your way to or from Piñones). In 2018, they have made this area more of a destination- with guides and artisans, music and educational information about the history/culture. Now called Parque Histórico Cueva María de la Cruz.
In 1948, archaeologist Dr. Ricardo Alegría found evidence of very early human inhabitants in the area of Maria de la Cruz cave. He undertook a huge archaeological dig, and discovered human artifacts dating back through a number of periods — from possibly as far back as 4000 BC on up to 100 AD. These findings are evidence of the first (most-likely nomadic) human inhabitants of Puerto Rico.
Also in the area of the cave, archaeologists found artifacts from the Taino people — who were also a pre-Columbian culture, though a much later and more advanced people. The Tainos left behind pottery, tools, bones and shells of all types, and burial sites.
In later years (post-Columbian), the cave was used by both free and slave Africans for shelter. It is believed that the whole area near the river (Río Grande de Loiza) might be archaeologically significant, so preservation and further study is needed.
This cave is more of a large open area than a deep cave system. The cave measures 50 meters wide, 25 meters deep, and 30 meters high. Because it is open, there is light inside and you can get some photos. There are a number of bee hives on the ceiling of the cave, so just be quiet when inside the cave and they shouldn’t bother you. They now give guided tours of the cave and surroundings.
The tour of this cave is interesting, and it is very historically significant. They have a few of the items found in the cave on display here, though many more of the archaeological findings are displayed in the museum of the University of Puerto Rico.
In addition to the cave visit, they have cultural experiences going on through out the day (something happening every hour). A Bee Keeping talk, a workshop on how to tie turbans in your hair, and a Bomba presentation about the different types of Bomba music and dance around the island. There are restrooms in the office building, some artisans, food stands and some playground equipment in front of the cave. There is also an Art Gallery of local artists in the area.
Tickets available at the office. A guided tour of the cave and talks/workshops is $6 per person. Art Gallery is $2 pp.
The Park is open Wednesday through Sunday. The workshops are available from 9am-12, 1-4pm.(Bee 9a and 1p, Turban 10a and 3p, and Bomba at 11am and 2pm). The guided tour of the caves are available on demand from 8a-5pm. Most are in Spanish, but interpreters are available.
This little park is used by the Loiza community. You can call for some more info (but it may only be in Spanish) 787-876-1014, extensiones 2201, 2202 y 2203.
This cave is located east of Piñones. The new entrance is off of RT 188 (you will see the sign). Or if you are on Road 187 in Loiza, turn onto Calle San Patricio (there is a Total gas station on the corner).
We are in the process of updating the maps we use on our web site. While we're working on that, you can click on the GPS coordinates below to view the location on Google Maps ...
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