Mask Requirement (updated 18 Apr 2022)
😷 Masks are not required, neither indoors (with some execptions) nor outdoors. Masks are recommended in indoor situations where you cannot be certain of the vaccination status of other people
😷 Masks are required inside airports, per Federal/CDC mandates
😷 Masks are required at events/activities where 1000 or more people are gathered, effective 18 Apr 2022
😷 Masks are required indoors in places like hospitals, emergency rooms, nursing homes, medical offices, health centers, clinics, labs, pharmacies, and on public transportation (including taxis and buses). The Department of Health may make masks mandetory in other situations where their use is deemed necessary.
😷 Owners and operators of public and private establishments may, at their discretion, implement health measures that they deem necessary - including requiring the use of masks.
📄 These changes go into effect 10 Mar 2022, per Executive Order EO-2022-019
Restaurants, Bars & other Food Establishments (updated 08 Mar 2022)
👪 The capacity limit has been removed, as has the requirment to check for vaccination card or negative test result
😷 Owners and operators of public and private establishments may, at their discretion, implement health measures that they deem necessary - including requiring the use of masks, and screening for vaccination status or negative test results
📄 These changes go into effect 10 Mar 2022, per Executive Order EO-2022-019
Hotels, Resorts & other Lodging (updated 08 Mar 2022)
👪 The requirment to check for vaccination card or negative test result has been eliminated
😷 Owners and operators of public and private establishments may, at their discretion, implement health measures that they deem necessary - including requiring the use of masks, and screening for vaccination status or negative test results
📄 These changes go into effect 10 Mar 2022, per Executive Order EO-2022-019
Tours & Excursions (updated 08 Mar 2022)
⛵ Tour operators may require proof of vaccination or negative test results to participate. Check with the operator to make sure you have what they require.
Events, Stadiums & Theaters (updated 18 Apr 2022)
👪 The capacity limit has been removed, as has the requirement to wear a mask (if less than 1000 people are gathered)
😷 Masks are required at events/activities where 1000 or more people are gathered, effective 18 Apr 2022
🏟️ All attendees at group activities of 1000 or more people at facilities that encourage crowding — indoor or outdoor — must show proof of vaccination with booster (if eligible), OR negative test (molecular or antigen) results of test administered by an authorized health provider no more than 72 hours prior to arrival at the event. Facilities include theaters, amphitheaters, stadiums, conference and activity centers, and any other place where events are held. Effective 10 Mar 2022, per executive order EO-2022-019 and administrative order OA-2022-533
😷 Owners and operators of public and private establishments may, at their discretion, implement health measures that they deem necessary - including requiring the use of masks, and screening for vaccination status or negative test results
📄 These changes go into effect 10 Mar 2022, per Executive Order EO-2022-019
Cruise Ship Passengers (updated 08 Mar 2022)
🚢 All cruise ship passengers and crew who wish to disembark in Puerto Rico must be fully vaccinated, OR must have a negative molecular or antigen COVID test performed within 48 hours before disembarking in PR. All passengers and crew who test positive, or have been in close contact to someone who has tested positive, will not be permitted to disembark in Puerto Rico, regarless of vaccination status.
Air Travelers Arriving in Puerto Rico (updated 08 Mar 2022)
📄 The requirement to complete the travel declaration has been eliminated for ALL travelers arriving in Puerto Rico
✈️ DOMESTIC TRAVELERS (effective 10 Mar 2022, per EO-2022-019)
• The requirement to present a vaccination card or negative test results has been eliminated for DOMESTIC travelers
✈️ INTERNATIONAL TRAVELERS (effective 06 Dec 2021, per CDC)
• All INTERNATIONAL air passengers, regardless of vaccination status, must show (before boarding flight to the US) a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 1 day before travel to the US. This applies to all travelers, 2 years old and up, flying from INTERNATIONAL (outside of the US) destinations. Flights between Puerto Rico and the States are domestic flights, so this does not apply to travelers arriving in Puerto Rico from the States.

Explore Puerto Rico’s Taíno Roots

La Ruta Taína is a loose connection of significant sites highlighting the indigenous people of Puerto Rico — the Tainos. Visiting these sites offers travelers the opportunity to embark on a cultural experience to learn about Puerto Rico’s heritage and indigenous traditions.

La Ruta Taína runs north to south, from Arecibo to Ponce, passing through the towns of Utuado, Jayuya and Adjuntas. Along the way, visitors will discover the oldest ceremonial centers in the Caribbean, indigenous petroglyphs, villages, tombs, museums and legends, as well as caves, beaches and natural reserves.

La Ruta Taína

The Taínos

The Taíno people called Borinquen (their name for Puerto Rico) home for about 700 to 1000 years. Unfortunately, in the early 1500s, the Spaniards arrived in Puerto Rico and most of the Taíno males were enslaved, and the women became wives for the soldiers. Many were killed off by disease. There are few if any pure-blood Taíno left on the island, so little remains of the culture.

Even so, the Taínos’ cultural contributions can be seen today in artwork, food, and language. Many of the symbols from the petroglyphs are used in all kinds of art and decorative works. Staples of the Puerto Rican diet include cassava (yuca), batata (sweet potato) and calabaza (pumpkin). The Taíno language contributed some words that have been adopted into both the English and Spanish languages, including barbacoa (barbecue), hamaca (hammock), canoa (canoe), tabaco (tobacco), and huracán (hurricane).

Following La Ruta Taína

If you want to explore La Ruta Taína, you can visit Cueva del Indio and Cueva Ventana in Arecibo, Centro Ceremonial Indígena Caguana in Utuado, Piedra Escrita de Jayuya and Museo del Cemí in Jayuya, and Centro Ceremonial Indígena de Tibes in Ponce.

We’ve written about each of these sites in detail in the past, so the following sections provide a quick overview with links to the corresponding detailed articles.

La Ruta Taína

Cueva del Indio in Arecibo

The ocean-side area around Cueva del Indio is probably one of our favorite spots on the island. This sea-level cave is said to contain the largest number of indigenous petroglyphs found along the coastal zone. Legend has it that the Taínos used this cave for tribal meetings, and for communicating with the gods. In order to access the cave and petroglyphs, you will need to climb down a wooden ladder to the cave floor. Wear sturdy shoes, and (after seeing the cave) take a long walk to the east along the rocky outcroppings and the beaches in the area.

La Ruta Taína

Cueva Ventana in Arecibo

Cueva Ventana (or “window cave”) offers a fantastic view of the valley below from the “window” set high up on the side of a limestone cliff. The cave itself is home to many critters, including birds, bats, and snakes. The 45-minute tour includes a nature walk, and informative discussion about the Taino people.

La Ruta Taína

Centro Ceremonial Indígena Caguana in Utuado

The Caguana Indigenous Ceremonial Park is said to be one of the most important Taíno-culture archaeological sites in the Antilles today. Excavations here have uncovered stone-lined ball courts (bateys), 10 plazas, 21 petroglyphs, pottery, and other Taíno artifacts.

La Ruta Taína

Piedra Escrita in Jayuya

The centerpiece of the Piedra Escrita Recreation Area is the Piedra Escrita de Jayuya, which sits smack in the middle of the Río Saliente. This rock contains a number of interesting petroglyphs, including spirals, faces, and the famous coqui drawing that shows up in so much of the artwork in Puerto Rico. There is a wooden walkway that leads down the the river’s edge, where you can get a view of the petroglyphs. If you don’t mind getting wet, you can get into the river and get a close-up view of the petroglyphs. Just be careful!

La Ruta Taína

Museo del Cemí in Jayuya

The Cemí Museum is a cemí-shaped building that houses a number of Taíno artifacts. A visit to this museum is a quick one, but there are a number of other things to see in the area, so there will be other stuff to do after you see this museum.

La Ruta Taína

Centro Ceremonial Indígena de Tibes in Ponce

The Tibes Indian Ceremonial Center is the one of the most important archaeological sites in the Caribbean. The center offers some really nice information and examples of the Igneri, pre-Taíno, and Taíno cultures of ancient Puerto Rico. This site was unknown until a flood in 1975 washed away the topsoil and exposed 2 ceremonial plazas and 7 ball fields. Archaeological excavations have uncovered burial sites, petroglyphs, and other artifacts.

Details

It’s unrealistic to expect to hit all of these sites in a single day. But if you are in the Arecibo area, you can start on the north coast and make your way southward toward the center of the island. Likewise, if you are in the Ponce area, you can start in the south and make your way northward toward the center of the island.

Many of these sites require walking in open areas. So wear sturdy shoes, a hat, sunscreen, and make sure everyone has water to drink.

Click on a placename below to view the location on Google Maps ...

PuertoRicoDayTrips.com assumes no responsibility regarding your safety when participating in the activities described in this article. Please use common sense! If your mother or that little voice in your head tells you that you are about to do something stupid … then don't do it! Read more about Safety →

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