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Not So Usual Sights in Old San Juan

Santa Maria Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery

We love visiting Old San Juan — it is so colorful and interesting. One could spend ages there and never run out of things to do, see, photograph, and learn. Some of the most unique and interesting things are often overlooked.

Here are some of the not so usual things you can see in Old San Juan. Maybe you will want check them out for yourself the next time you visit the city!

Dead People

The San Juan Cathedral contains two interesting dead people. Juan Ponce de Leon has been entombed in a marble tomb the cathedral since 1908.

The more unusual "person" is the waxed-coated, mummified remains of Saint Pius (San Pio), a first century Christian martyr. This holy relic, brought to the island in 1862, is now in a glass box so that it can be seen by all.

Saint Pius in San Juan Cathedral

Saint Pius was one of the first martyrs of the Roman persecutions against the Christians during the first century. He was a solider, who was executed for his faith. Twelve popes have taken the saint’s name.

There is a long, hand-written explanation posted above the glass box that tells the story of how the body of Saint Pius came to be in Puerto Rico. Apparently, in 1848 1815 San Juan’s bishop Mariano Rodríguez de Olmedo thought it was important to have a real relic of a Christian martyr in the San Juan Cathedral. The pope gave him Saint Pius, who he took to Spain to have restored. Unfortunately, the bishop returned to Puerto Rico, having forgotten his saint in Spain.

In 1868 1862, when the then-current bishop of San Juan, Pablo Benigno Carrión, was in Spain, someone reminded him that there was the body of a saint in Spain that belonged to Puerto Rico. Bishop Carrión then had the body shipped to San Juan.

In researching for this article, I found other references that say that the Chapel of the Souls in Purgatory contains the earthly remains of Saint Pius. So who really knows?

1 Calle Tetuan

Tiny Houses

There are two really thin houses in Old San Juan. The first, located at 101 Calle Tetuan, right by Cristo Chapel, is called La Casa Estrecha (The Narrow House). It is only 5 feet wide inside. It was originally the alleyway between two buildings. It is one of the narrowest houses in the world.

The second, located at 152 Calle Sol, is also about 5 feet wide inside.

Catacombs and Graves

The Church of Saint Francis (Iglesia San Francisco), built in 1756, contains some beautifully restored reliefs and murals. There is also a large crucifix, called El Cristo de Buen Viaje, that was rescued from a sunken ship off the coast of San Juan.

Catacombs in the Church of Saint Francis

If you go into the basement of this church, you’ll find the catacombs containing the graves of a number of people. Probably the most famous being from the Oller family (as in the famous Puerto Rican painter Francisco Manuel Oller, though he is not buried there).

For some other neat old grave markers, visit the Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery, right outside of El Morro. It was built in 1863, and many prominent Puerto Ricans are interred there. But the really interesting thing is all the statuary. I think they must have had a contest for the most elaboration grave markers! It’s may be open 8am to 3pm weekdays and 7am to noon on the weekends, maybe not!.

Fort Findings

I have a thing for the forts in Old San Juan. I love exploring all the little nooks and crannies looking for out-of-the-ordinary things. Here are some of my favorites.

Artillery Shell at El Morro

On the lowest level of El Morro, inside the base of the original tower, you will find a big hunk of metal sticking out of the wall. That is a piece of a US artillery shell that penetrated the wall of the fort during the Spanish-American war.

In Fort San Cristobal, everyone has seen the prisoners’ sketches of ships on the walls in the dungeon. But if you go upstairs, above the sleeping quarters, check out the wooden shutters. They contain etchings of ships, words/phrases, dates, and other things. Take the time to look carefully, who knows what you will find. Also check the El Abanico in the out works for some cool, old graffiti.

Captain Henry Whitney's 1898 map of PR

Also in Fort San Cristobal, there are some other things to see that require advance reservations. One is a visit to the San Juan National Historic Site Archives, and the other is a visit to the water cisterns below the fort.

The archives contain a bunch of stuff that has been found in or around the forts during reconstruction. Lots of maps and written documentation, and things like buttons and cannon balls. It also contains a number of other things people have donated, like a suit of armor! One interesting thing is the original map drawn by Captain Henry Whitney on 28 May 1898, that was used in the US Armed Forces attack against the Spanish in Puerto Rico.

We have also had the opportunity to tour the large water cisterns below the fort, which have murals on the walls, which was a surprise. Since they are now in use, I don’t think they still conduct tours to the cisterns.

Cats, Everywhere!

You will most probably notice loads of cats in Old San Juan. Most are found down by the San Juan City Gate and along the streets in that area. Cats were brought by Christopher Columbus to help keep the rat population controlled. Supposedly, some of the cats you see in Old San Juan are descendants of the Columbus-era cats.

Feral Cats in Old San Juan

The problem is that cat populations will explode without intervention. Save a Gato (Gato means cat in Spanish) is a volunteer organization that manages the feral cats in Old San Juan by providing food and water. They also have a trap, neuter, and return (TNR) program, during which they also give necessary vaccinations.

They always need donations and supplies. If you are interested in adopting a cat, or just helping the cause, you can contact Save a Gato through our web site.

La Piedra del Perro (or The Stone Dog)

On the topic of animals, there is a coral/rock formation that has the shape of a sitting dog. It is located on the reef on the side of Fortin San Jerónimo, at the mouth of the Condado Lagoon. It is easily seen from the Dos Hermanos Bridge.

La Piedra del Perro

There is an old legend that a young Spanish soldier named Enrique, far from home, felt alone until he adopted a stray dog. He nursed the dog back to health and cherished the dog’s companionship. He named him "Amigo" (Friend, in English). The dog loved him, and all they had in the world was each other.

One day, Enrique had to leave for a battle, but he told the dog that he would return. So the dog sadly watched the boat leave, he even swam away from the fort, to sit on a coral ledge to watch the on the horizon, and then to wait for Enrique’s return. He would swim to there every day, waiting and watching.

One day, the soldiers at the fort found out that the boat sank in a military battle, and Enrique had died. Amigo heard this, couldn’t believe Enrique would not return, swam out to the stone ledge, and sat there waiting with a broken heart. Legend says that the dog sat there for so long that he eventually turned to stone. Update: 2017- Hurricane Maria destroyed much of this rock…cutting the dog’s “head” off. But the dog’s “body” remains.

Jail Cells in La Princesa

Many people pass right by the La Princesa without realizing that behind this beautiful exterior lies what remains of a jail.

Cárcel de la Princesa or El Presidio de San Juan was built in 1837. The prisoners did hard labor, making the walls around Old San Juan, working on the forts, and doing building repairs. During the 1930-1950s many political prisoners did time here. Amazingly, it was still in use as a prison up until 1976, when it was forced to close due to the inhumane conditions in which prisoners were kept.

Jail Cells in La Princesa

The building has now been beautifully restored, and it is used as the headquarters of the Puerto Rico Tourism Company.

However, if you go through the building and into the back courtyard, turn to the right and go through the narrow passageway, you can find three prison cells that were left as they were when the prison was operational. And if you continue past and behind these three cells, you’ll find a small courtyard where prisoners were executed (by hanging) back in the day.

Good Health Chapel

The Cristo Chapel (or more specifically La Capilla del Santo Cristo de la Salud, located at the southern end of Calle Cristo, is dedicated to the Cristo of Good Health. Built in 1753, the building itself is lovely, but the real treasure is found inside — the altar, and many of the altar pieces, are silver.

Cristo Chapel

If you have a health issue and want to ask for divine help, or if you want to give thanks for a cure, you would buy the appropriate body-part-shaped pieces of silver and bring it to the church as an offering. These silver offerings are called promesas, ex-votos, or milagros.

Over time, the chapel accumulated quite a collection of these offerings, so they were melted down to create the magnificent altar pieces that are there today. You may be able to find some of these ex-votos being sold from time to time by the volunteers who staff the chapel.

Liberty Bell Replica

Liberty Bell replica

This one took us by surprise the first time we saw it. An exact replica of the Liberty Bell is located in the Polvorín de San Gerónimo in the Parque Luis Muñoz Rivera in the Porta de Tierra area at the east end of Old San Juan.

As it turns out, 55 exact replicas were made in 1950 during a US Treasury department fund raising savings bond drive called the Campaign of Liberty. These full-sized exact replicas were given as "gifts" to every US State, US Territory, and the District of Columbia, to be displayed and rung on patriotic occasions.

The Original Cobblestone Streets

There are still some of the original blue cobblestone streets, but these may soon be an unusual find in Old San Juan.

Original Cobblestones

The blue cobblestones that originally paved the streets of all of Old San Juan are now being replaced with new ones. The original cobblestones (adoquines in Spanish) were cast from iron slag, which is the waste from iron smelting. They were brought over from England and were first used as road pavers in 1784.

Beginning a couple years ago, the original, uneven cobblestones are being replaced by modern paver stones. So to see the originals, you can go to Calle Cristo.

What Else?

Do you know of any other weird, unusual or lesser-known things in Old San Juan? If so,let us know in the comments section below, or on our Facebook page.

We are in the process of updating the maps we use on our web site. While we're working on that, you can click on the GPS coordinates below to view the location on Google Maps ... assumes no responsibility regarding your safety when participating in the activities described in this article. Please use common sense! If your mother or that little voice in your head tells you that you are about to do something stupid … then don't do it! Read more about Safety →

Comments & Discussion Leave a Comment »

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Comment by Gwenn on 16 Aug 2019

How can i use one of your pictures?

Comment by randy on 16 Aug 2019

Yes, I saw that post with the receipt not that long ago on that page. Interesting stuff! We posted this article many years ago, and that ballast theory was what everyone told us (the forts people and tour guides and from other references). But I will update the article with the new info. Thanks

Comment by Gwenn on 22 Jan 2019

Hi, I just wanted to mention that the mention "They were brought as ballast in the bottoms of European merchant ships in the 1800s. " about the original cobblestones of Old San Juan is incorrect. There is even written evidence (receipt of the sale) of the original cobblestones and they were cast from iron slag (as correctly stated), but they were ORDERED to be made from a supplier at Liverpool, England. A specific ship from Spain was even ordered to bring them to the island. There is a local organization, PR Historic Buildings Drawing Society that can clarify this fact. They have seen the written receipt of the sale of the original cobblestones made in Liverpool that were ordered to be used as paving for the first cobblestone streets at Viejo San Juan. PRHBDS is helping the government to transfer to digital (AutoCad, etc.), and even re-create the blueprints of many historical structures in Puerto Rico. PRHBDS also provides many tours of Old city, and they have documents, blueprints and even some photos of many unknown facts about Old San Juan and many mistaken "facts", like the one about the cobblestones placed on the streets were once used for ballast for ships. The original cobblestones of the Old San Juan streets were NEVER used as ballast, they were specifically ordered for paving the streets. Casually, from the same city in London who birthed The Beatles. * The Facebook page for PRHDBS is at:

Comment by Elias Santiago on 22 Jan 2019

yes, very few streets left with the real cobblestones. No idea where they went. They were talking about making OSJ a walking city, so they took the cobblestones out, "fixed" the roads that were uneven and widened the sidewalks, then added the new bricks. Sadly, the streets with the new bricks are already uneven...

Comment by Gwenn on 16 Aug 2018

I was just in old San Juan, PR. I am devastated to see ALL side streets being ROBBED of their BLUE cobblestones. What is being replaced is an ugly brown cement brick. Where is the PR Government taking these blue bricks?? I have long dreamt of owning one, ever since I lived in PR as a child. Does anyone know where I can purchase ONE, this is on my list. I just spent a week asking where are all the blue bricks, no one seems to care. I would pay well to get a good brick. Thank you for listening to an old man.

Comment by Patrick Gilhooly on 16 Aug 2018

Cool! Brings back some memories. Looks like some was filmed in that Ballaja before it was refurbished.

Comment by Gwenn on 03 Jun 2017

Great website!!! If you haven't seen it, the Pet Shop Boys filmed a music video in the 1980S in Old San Juan for their song "Domino Dancing". Watch it, you'll like it!! Some of it was filmed in the large cemetery next to El Morro.

Comment by Jasper Been on 24 May 2017

Thanks for the great article. I visited a few months ago and I am writing my own article at the moment which mixes both my own experiences with a short maritime related history of the place for my website buccaneers reef dot com. Great tip on the shutters. I hadn't thought to look there but I will when I go back. I just must have overlooked them, because I was right there. Thanks I think you are correct on the cisterns BTW. I would have loved to have seen those. I was also under the impression that the crypt was older but then I was talking to local historians who sometimes tend to exaggerate a little. Aaron

Comment by Aaron Shields on 18 Feb 2017

LOVE this page! Thank you for sharing.

Comment by Rick Montgomery on 26 Jan 2017

Yes, I agree dead people rarely ask for relics! However, the info in the article is taken from the posted plaque in the Cathedral! I have found other references that Olmedo went in 1815 for the relic. And it was 1862 when the remains finally made it to PR. I will update my article, but perhaps you should contact the Cathedral to have their information corrected.

Comment by Gwenn on 21 Feb 2016

Bishop Mariano Rodríguez de Olmedo died in 1831, so he could not have thought of getting a relic for San Juan Cathedral then. Please edit your article. THANKS! Nélida

Comment by Nelida Fronterea on 21 Feb 2016

So interesting. Thank you. I can't wait to visit in June.

Comment by Miste Strickland on 30 Jan 2016

Got it, thanks.

Comment by Gwenn on 21 Sep 2013

Uh - fix your SPELLING. The word (for the object in a church) is ALTAR, not ALTER!

Comment by Pedro on 18 Sep 2013

FANTASTIC article!!! I've always wanted to learn more about the many sculptures depicting notable people -- hey, here's a factoid: the sculpture in front of the Banco Popular near the Bus Station SPINS!

Comment by Amy on 16 Jul 2012

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